Forfatter: Michael G. F. Martin

The Sophisticated Naïve: An Interview with Michael G. F. Martin

PDF tilgjengelig

Michael G. F. Martin is something of a philosopher’s philosopher.1 More specifically, he is a philosopher of perception’s philosopher, as this is the area within which most of his very influential work falls. Martin is particularly well-known for motivating and defending ‘naïve realism’, the view that perception constitutively  involves relations of awareness of the ordinary, mind-independent world around us. However common-sensical this thought is, philosophers over the ages have found it notoriously hard to hold on to. Various problems – the gap between the world as it appears in experience and how it is described in physics, the fact that things can appear differently to different persons, and (not least, as will be clear later) the possibility of hallucinations that completely match the real thing – have lead many to accept either a more traditional ‘sensationalist’ conception of experience, according to which experience is constituted by awareness of certain subjective, private items, or a slightly more modern ‘intentional’ or ‘representational’ conception, according to which experience only fallibly represents an external reality. Les mer