Forfatter: Adrian Kristing Ommundsen

An Interview with Stewart Shapiro

———-Illustrasjon: Oda Aurora Norlund———-

By the late nineteenth century logic had undergone a revolution. After almost two millennia of playing around with the limited theory of Aristotelian syllogisms, inference patterns of the form

All Bs are Cs

All As are Bs

Therefore, all As are Cs,

logicians, like Gottlob Frege and Charles Sanders Peirce, greatly advanced their subject. They developed formal languages and theories for the classical propositional calculus and predicate logic of first and second order that greatly outstripped the limits of the old syllogistic approach. Alternative theories of logic were also developed in the decades to follow, such as intuitionistic logic, while some theories fell somewhat out of favor (e.g. second order logic). Underlying logicians’ disagreement about what language to state logical theories in and what principles to count as logical was the question: what is the correct logic?

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Relativisme, Leder

‘Relativisme’ betegner en gruppe syn som holder at for eksempel påstander, proposisjoner, epistemisk berettigelse, estetiske dommer eller moralsk verdi er relative til uventede forhold, som kulturell kontekst, historisk periode eller matematisk rammeverk.

Relativisme spenner vidt. Noen av synene er allment kjent som kontroversielle, særlig relativistiske syn om moral. Innenfor akademisk filosofi kan imidlertid debatten om relativisme være snevrere og motivert av en rekke tekniske spørsmål i for eksempel semantikk eller språkfilosofi.

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An Interview with Thomas Kjeller Johansen

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——–Illustrasjon: Åsne Dorthea Grøgaard——–

Thomas Kjeller Johansen studied philosophy and the Classics at Cambridge University, where he did his doctoral work on Aristotle and the sense-organs under the supervision of Myles Burnyeat. He has taught at the Universities of Bristol and Edinburgh, and for the last ten years he was University Lecturer and Professor in Ancient Philosophy at Oxford University. Earlier this year, he took up position here at IFIKK, and he’ll be teaching, among other things, ancient philosophy, which was the very general subject of our conversation.

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